A consensus definition of occupation-based intervention from a Malaysian perspective: a Delphi study

Che Daud, Ahmad Zamir, Yau, Matthew K., and Barnett, Fiona (2015) A consensus definition of occupation-based intervention from a Malaysian perspective: a Delphi study. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 78 (11). pp. 697-705.

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Abstract

Introduction: Descriptions and definitions for occupation-based intervention vary in the literature. Occupation-based intervention is assumed to be based on occupation and is seen as a means and an end. Occupation-based intervention also includes all levels of interventions in occupational therapy as long as the goal is occupational performance. Occupation-based intervention can also be described as a therapeutic process that emerges during the therapy session. The purpose of this study was to achieve a consensus definition of occupation-based intervention among Malaysian occupational therapists.

Method: A three-round Delphi technique using a sequential questionnaire was conducted. Fifteen occupational therapists and occupational therapy educators completed all rounds. The Delphi process began with open-ended questions, asking the participants some questions about occupation-based intervention. The second and third rounds asked participants to rank their agreement with statements about occupation-based intervention.

Results: Occupation-based intervention is seen by therapists to be both a means and an end, with occupational performance as the main outcome. It is believed that using occupation alone is not enough; preparatory and purposeful methods may have to be incorporated to achieve the outcomes.

Conclusion: It is important to adopt a common definition of occupation-based intervention in practice and education to signify occupation at the centre of occupational therapy.

Item ID: 39061
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1477-6006
Keywords: Delphi technique, occupations, occupational therapy
Funders: James Cook University, Universiti Teknologi Mara
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2015 23:14
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services) @ 100%
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