Assessing the end of post-traumatic amnesia from an executive attention paradigm

Jakabek, David, Marshman, Laurence, Quirk, Frances, and Hennessy, Maria (2013) Assessing the end of post-traumatic amnesia from an executive attention paradigm. Brain Impairment, 14 (1). p. 191.

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Attention is implicated as the primary deficit of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) by historical accounts and recent research. Paradoxically, attention is not directly assessed by the commonly used Westmead PTA Scale (WPTAS). Tentative validation was provided by Tate et al. (2006) who found few improvements in a limited subset of attention tasks by severely brain-injured patients between the first 12/12 score and the final of three consecutive 12/12 scores on the WPTAS. The aim of the current study was to examine the end stage of PTA as measured by the WPTAS against a broader array of executive attention tasks.

Method: Fifteen participants (M:F 8:7, aged 34 ± 15 years [range: 18-63 years]) with predominately moderate-severe brain injury were assessed on information processing, verbal fluency, updating, inhibition/selective attention and switching tasks. Participants were assessed on the first 12/12 score on the WPTAS and the final of three consecutive 12/12 scores. Practice effects of testing were considered against 15 demographically matched controls assessed between equivalent intervals.

Results: Repeated-measures ANOVA found only speed of processing to significantly improve as PTA resolved over and above the practice effect of a control group (between-within interaction F(1,28) = 5.78, p = 0.023). However, no significant improvement over a control group was noted for any other more complex measure of attention or executive functioning.

Conclusion: The lack of a broader improvement in executive attention abilities suggests that patients have likely emerged from PTA by the first 12/12 score on the WPTAS.

Item ID: 39049
Item Type: Article (Abstract)
ISSN: 1839-5252
Keywords: post-traumatic amnesia; brain injury; psychological assessment; attention; executive functioning
Additional Information:

Abstract of the 36th Brain Impairment Conference, May 2-4, 2013, Hobart, TAS, Australia.

Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2015 00:34
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110903 Central Nervous System @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology) @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes @ 50%
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