Management of Dysphagia Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Howle, Alison A., Baguley, Ian J., and Brown, Louise (2014) Management of Dysphagia Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports, 2 (4). pp. 219-230.

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Abstract

Dysphagia is a common morbidity and cause of mortality following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Despite this, there is a paucity of evidence demonstrating the efficacy of dysphagia management strategies and treatments in this population. Typically, subjects with dysphagia following TBI are placed into non-specific ‘neurogenic’ dysphagia subject groups, which include subjects with degenerative neurological diseases, neurological cancers, and cerebrovascular accident. However, dysphagia following TBI has a multifactorial presentation, with causative and contributory factors including cognitive-communication, behavioral, neurological, and mechanical issues. As such, the management for dysphagia post-TBI must be multifactorial, team-based and involve the patients’ families and carers. Much of the research regarding the management and treatment of dysphagia in general is in its infancy: larger and more rigorous studies are required to demonstrate treatment efficacy. More studies specifically examining dysphagia and its management in the TBI population are required to ensure the future efficacy and accuracy of treatment.

Item ID: 39009
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2167-4833
Date Deposited: 22 May 2015 05:04
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110321 Rehabilitation and Therapy (excl Physiotherapy) @ 70%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110904 Neurology and Neuromuscular Diseases @ 30%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 40%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920203 Diagnostic Methods @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes @ 30%
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