Stone architecture, monumentality and the rise of the early Tongan chiefdom

Clark, Geoffrey, and Reepmeyer, Christian (2014) Stone architecture, monumentality and the rise of the early Tongan chiefdom. Antiquity, 88 (342). pp. 1244-1260.

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Abstract

Monumental construction is commonly associated with the rise of complex societies and frequently supported the ceremonies and ideologies that were instrumental in the creation of the new social order. Recent fieldwork at Heketa in eastern Tongatapu recorded stone-built platforms for houses and seats, and a three-tiered tomb and trilithon. Tongan tradition and archaeology combine to show that these were the setting for new ceremonies instituted by the emergent Tu'i Tonga lineage in the fourteenth century AD as they laid the foundations of the early Tongan chiefdom. Key to their success were activities that emphasised the sacred origins of the living Tu'i Tonga, including the drinking of kava and the presentation of first fruits to the chiefs.

Item ID: 38975
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1745-1744
Keywords: Tonga, Tongatapu, Heketa, Lapaha, fourteenth century AD, Tu'i Tonga, chiefdom, kava ceremony, trilithon, house platform
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Australian National University
Projects and Grants: ARC FT0990591
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2015 03:44
FoR Codes: 21 HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY > 2101 Archaeology > 210106 Archaeology of New Guinea and Pacific Islands (excl New Zealand) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9505 Understanding Past Societies > 950599 Understanding Past Societies not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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