How many older people are frail: using multiple imputation to investigate frailty in the population

McCaul, Kieran A., Almeida, Osvaldo P., Norman, Paul E., Yeap, Bu B, Hankey, Graeme J., Golledge, Jon, and Flicker, Leon (2015) How many older people are frail: using multiple imputation to investigate frailty in the population. The Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 16 (5). 439e1-439e7.

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Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was to establish the extent to which frailty was associated with attrition and then compare estimates of frailty prevalence and progression estimated from the observed data to those estimated after imputation.

Design: Population-based cohort study.

Setting: The Health in Men Study (HIMS) with frailty estimated at Wave 2 (2001/2004) and Wave 3 (2008) and mortality follow-up to 2010.

Participants: Participants were 10,305 community-dwelling men aged 70 and older, followed for up to 10 years.

Measurements: Participants completed an extensive questionnaire covering functional activities and illnesses. Frailty was assessed using the FRAIL Scale and a 32-item Frailty Index.

Results: Nonresponders at Wave 3 were more likely to have been frail at Wave 2. Imputed estimates of frailty prevalence were 8% to 10% higher than those derived from the observed data.

Conclusion: Epidemiological surveys may substantially underestimate the levels of frailty among older people in the general population. This selective nonresponse results in an overoptimistic view of aging populations, particularly for the very old.

Item ID: 38929
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1538-9375
Keywords: frailty, older men, aged 70 and older, multiple imputation
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2015 04:05
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology > 110201 Cardiology (incl Cardiovascular Diseases) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 100%
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