Effect of temperature and salinity on sex inversion in Asian Seabass (Lates calcarifer): relationship with plasma sex steroids concentration and aromatase activity of gonad and brain

Athauda, Saman, and Anderson, Trevor (2014) Effect of temperature and salinity on sex inversion in Asian Seabass (Lates calcarifer): relationship with plasma sex steroids concentration and aromatase activity of gonad and brain. Aquaculture Research, 45. pp. 787-797.

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Abstract

Asian Seabass which shows precocious sex inversion in cultured environment is a major impediment to maintain a proper broodstocks. Seabass grown commercially in freshwater were transported to the research facility and held in freshwater at 29°C for 4 weeks and acclimatized to the experimental conditions. Fish were daily fed with a commercial pellet (50% protein, 18 MJ kg−1) to satiety. Blood, brain and gonad collected before and at the end of the experiment were analysed for sex steroids level and aromatase activity. There was an increase in Plasma E2 levels with temperature in fish at 34°C whereas no significant difference was observed at 24 and 29°C although the highest plasma T level was detected in fish at 34°C which had significantly lower level than at the beginning, except those held at 24°C in freshwater. Plasma 11-KT was significantly greater in fish at 24°C compared with 29 or 34°C which had clear opposite to the E2. Aromatase activity in brain was higher at 29°C than at either 24 or 34°C, whereas gonadal aromatase recorded highest at 34°C. These findings concluded that high temperature in culture facility induces sex inversion of Asian Seabass.

Item ID: 38851
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-2109
Keywords: Asian seabass, Lates calcarifer, temperature, salinity, sex steroids, aromatase activity, sex inversion
Date Deposited: 08 May 2015 06:41
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