Examining the role of parental self-regulation in family physical activity: a mixed-methods approach

Butson, Michael L., Borkoles, Erika, Hanlon, Clare, Morris, Tony, Romero, Vivian, and Polman, Remco (2014) Examining the role of parental self-regulation in family physical activity: a mixed-methods approach. Psychology & Health, 29 (10). pp. 1137-1155.

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Physical activity (PA) is essential for good health. However, parents risk becoming less active because of the demands of parenting. This has consequences for children as parents are role models. The present study used a mixed-methods approach to explore parental self-regulation associated with PA. Data were collected from 36 parents with preschool-aged children. They were interviewed about their PA and their family's PA. Parents also completed PA and self-regulation questionnaires and wore an accelerometer for five days. Qualitative data were examined using an inductive approach to thematic analysis. It showed that parents felt that they had limited time for personal PA. Mothers’ self-regulation was driven by an ethic of care and subjective norms, whereas fathers' self-regulation was driven by beliefs about the importance of autonomy. Nevertheless, both parents saw caring for their children as the main priority. Quantitative data were examined using multiple regression analyses. Results showed that different self-regulatory behaviours predicted the PA of mothers and fathers. Which predictors were significant depended on the type of activity and how it was measured. The findings warrant longitudinal research that would enable the effect of family dynamics on self-regulation associated with PA to be assessed.

Item ID: 38792
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1476-8321
Keywords: physical activity, behaviour, exercise, parents, children, self-regulation
Funders: Australian Government Collaborative Research Network (CRN)
Date Deposited: 27 May 2015 00:25
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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