Some morphological studies on the wing and foot of the Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius)

Saber, A.S., and Hassanin, A. (2014) Some morphological studies on the wing and foot of the Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius). Journal of Veterinary Anatomy, 7 (2). pp. 17-32.

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The cassowaries are ratites (flightless birds without a keel on their sternum). The wings and feet of a doubled-wattled or Southern cassowary used in this study were radio-graphed. Pieces of the quills and claws were processed for histological examination, and the wings and feet were cleaned to study the bones. The wings are small with only four long, slightly curved quills or remeges. Quills occurred in follicles, similar to the hair follicles of mammals. The shaft of a quill was for med by a central medulla consisting of a solid polygonal, non-nucleated cell mass surrounded by dense compact keratinized cells compressed to form a cortex. The wing skeleton was formed by the humerus, a thick radius paired with a thinner curved ulna, ulnar and radial carpals, carpometacapal, and three digits. The second digit bore a long curved claw. The skeleton of the foot was formed by the distal extremity of the tarsometatarsal, which had three articular surfaces (trochlea) representing the three digits (II, III, IV). The first digit was missing. The second digit consisted of 3 phalanges, the distal phalanx of which was a long tapering cone sheathed completely by a keratinous long straight claw (dagger-shaped). The third digit was the largest, and consisted of 4 phalanges. The fourth digit was longer than the second one and shorter than the third one, and had five phalanges. The gross anatomy described was supported by 8 images (x-rays, histology, and skeleton of the wings Morphology of the Wing and foot of the Southern cassowary Saber and Hassanin and feet) and discussed in comparison with other bird species.

Item ID: 38726
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1687-9988
Keywords: cassowary, quills, claws, digits, histology, radiology
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 02:03
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070702 Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8399 Other Animal Production and Animal Primary Products > 839999 Animal Production and Animal Primary Products not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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