Experimentally determined stability of alkali amphibole in metasomatised dunite at sub-arc pressures

Pirard, Cassian, and Hermann, Jörg (2015) Experimentally determined stability of alkali amphibole in metasomatised dunite at sub-arc pressures. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 169 (1). pp. 1-26.

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Abstract

The phase and melting relationships of olivine mixed with 25 % of hydrous felsic slab melt have been determined in piston-cylinder experiments between 2.5 and 4.5 GPa and 800 to 1,050 °C to constrain metasomatic processes in the mantle wedge above subduction zones. At sub-solidus conditions, olivine, orthopyroxene, phlogopite, a Na-rich amphibole and an aqueous fluid are present. Na-rich amphibole is still observed at 950 °C at 4.5 GPa, providing evidence that this hydrous phase might be stable at sub-arc depths in an alkali-rich, Ca-poor mantle wedge. The maximum temperature stability is reached at 1,000 °C at 3.5 GPa, where amphibole coexists with hydrous melt. A sodium-rich phlogopite is stable over the whole range of P–T conditions investigated. At 2.5 GPa, 850 °C, aspidolite (Na analogue of phlogopite) has been observed as a sodium-bearing phase in the peridotite. The wet solidus in the metasomatised dunite lies between 850 and 900 °C at 2.5 GPa and between 950 and 975 °C at 3.5 GPa. At 4.5 GPa, melting relations are ambiguous and no clear solidus was found. The consumption of amphibole and minor phlogopite at the wet solidus produced Na- and H2O-rich phonolitic melts. The presence of phlogopite and sodic amphibole in the metasomatised dunite has implications on alkali and water storage in the part of the mantle wedge that is coupled to the down-going slab and might play a role on alkali and trace element recycling through arc magmatism.

Item ID: 38577
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-0967
Keywords: alkali amphibole; subduction zone; metasomatised peridotite; solidus; hybridization; Sub-arc mantle
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2015 01:43
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0402 Geochemistry > 040299 Geochemistry not elsewhere classified @ 25%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology @ 50%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040306 Mineralogy and Crystallography @ 25%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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