Henry van de Velde and Javanese batik

Wronska-Friend, Maria (2014) Henry van de Velde and Javanese batik. In: Föhl, Thomas, and Neumann, Antje, (eds.) Henry van de Velde: interior design and decorative arts: a catalogue raisonné in six volumes: volume 2: textiles. Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Leipzig, Germany, pp. 371-397.

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Abstract

[Extract] In the last decade of the nineteenth century, several European artists found a new source of inspiration in the technique and aesthetics of Javanese batik textiles. The fascination was partly due to a new wave of interest in Oriental arts and the recognition of Javanese cultural traditions as another source of artistic inspiration. However, the main reason for the international career of Javanese batik during the Art Nouveau and Art Deco periods was the potential of this technique to assist with the revival of Western crafts. Batik excited a new generation of European artists, including Henry van de Velde.

The Javanese term ›batik‹ signifies in European languages a technique of textile decoration as well as the final product, fabrics produced with this method. Batik is a resist-dyeing technique in which molten wax is applied to those parts of the cloth which are to be protected during a dye bath. Following removal of the wax, white patterns emerge on a colored background. In order to create multicolored designs, the process has to be repeated several times with the wax, each time covering different sections of the cloth. As the wax designs are drawn by hand using a small copper vessel, a canting, each batik cloth has unique features. >985, 986, 1053 Although the technique is known in several parts of the world, it has been brought to the highest level of development on the Indonesian island of Java.¹ It is not surprising therefore that the first artists in Europe who appreciated the unique qualities of this method of surface decoration were the Dutch, and the first attempts to introduce this technique to European arts took place in Amsterdam at the beginning of the 1890s.²

Item ID: 38409
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
Keywords: Henry van de Velde, batik, European design 20th century, textiles, Europe, Indonesia
Additional Information:

Parallel text in German and English.

Citation (German): Wronska-Friend, Maria (2014) Henry van de Velde und die javanische Batik. In: Föhl, Thomas, and Neumann, Antje, (eds.) Henry van de Velde: raumkunst und kunsthandwerk: ein werkverzeichnis in sech bänden: band 2: textilien. Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Leipzig, Germany, pp. 371-397.

Abstract (German): Im letzten Jahrzehnt des 19. Jahrhunderts entdeckten viele europäische Künstler das Batikhandwerk und die Schönheit javanischer Batikstoffe als Inspirationsquelle. Die Faszination für Batiken entsprang einem neu entfachten Interesse an fernöstlicher Kunst sowie einer zunehmenden Anerkennung javanischer Kulturtraditionen. Hauptsächlich jedoch resul tierte der internationale Aufstieg der javanischen Batikkunst im Zeitalter des Jugendstils und Art déco aus dem besonderen Potential dieser Textiltechnik. Mit ihrem traditionellen Herstellungsverfahren trug die javanische Batik zur Wiederbelebung der Handwerkskünste in der westlichen Kultur bei und befl ügelte eine neue Generation von Künstlern, so auch Henry van de Velde.

ISBN: 978-3-86502-230-1
Date Deposited: 28 May 2015 02:51
FoR Codes: 12 BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN > 1203 Design Practice and Management > 120306 Textile and Fashion Design @ 75%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology @ 25%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9599 Other Cultural Understanding > 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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