Evaluating the potential disturbance from dolphin watching in Lovina, north Bali, Indonesia

Mustika, Putu Liza Kusuma, Birtles, Alastair, Everingham, Yvette, and Marsh, Helene (2015) Evaluating the potential disturbance from dolphin watching in Lovina, north Bali, Indonesia. Marine Mammal Science, 31 (2). pp. 808-817.

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[Extract] A global review of tourist visitation and expenditures associated with whale and dolphin watching industries indicated that the industry attracted 13 million tourists in 119 countries and contributed US$ 2.1 billion to the global economy in 2008 (O'Connor et al. 2009). O'Connor et al. (2009) indicated that nine of the 10 countries with the fastest rate of whale and dolphin watching industries were developing countries.

Whale and dolphin watching is not without risks to targeted populations. In the short-term, the behavior of some dolphin species changes when the number of boats around a school increases (Lusseau 2003, Constantine et al. 2004, Christiansen et al. 2010). The presence of tour boats may alter the path of travel (Williams and Ashe 2007) and even force the animals to dive to avoid the boats (Schaffar et al. 2013). Interactions with dolphin watching boats may also decrease time spent foraging (Christiansen et al. 2013). In addition, dolphin watching may eventually partially displace the target population from key habitats, as demonstrated during a 19 yr research study in Shark Bay, Western Australia (Bejder et al. 2006).

Item ID: 38279
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1748-7692
Funders: Ocean Park Conservation Foundation Hong Kong, AusAID, Mohamed bin Zayed Conservation Fund, Conservation International Indonesia, Rotary Club Lovina Chapter, WWF Indonesia, Society for Marine Mammalogy, James Cook University (JCU)
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2015 04:54
FoR Codes: 01 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES > 0104 Statistics > 010401 Applied Statistics @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060801 Animal Behaviour @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960604 Environmental Management Systems @ 100%
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