The kinetics of desilication of synthetic spent Bayer liquor seeded with cancrinite and cancrinite/sodalite mixed-phase crystals

Barnes, Mark C., Addai-Mensah, Jonas, and Gerson, Andrea R. (1999) The kinetics of desilication of synthetic spent Bayer liquor seeded with cancrinite and cancrinite/sodalite mixed-phase crystals. Journal of Crystal Growth, 200 (1-2). pp. 251-264.

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Abstract

Isothermal, batch desilication kinetics of synthetic, sodium aluminate solution (spent Bayer liquor) via cancrinite and cancrinite/sodalite mixed-phase crystal growth, have been studied under conditions at which sodium aluminosilicate scale forms at the surfaces of steel heat exchangers of alumina plant. Seeding with the pure cancrinite and mixed-phase crystals results in the suppression of scale formation and a faster rate of liquor desilication in comparison with its sodalite dimorph. Cancrinite seed crystals prepared from NO−3-rich solutions exhibited crystal growth mechanism and kinetic behaviour different from dimorphic mixed-phase crystals prepared from CO2−3-rich solutions, when both were used to desilicate CO2−3-rich spent Bayer liquor. The rate of desilication due to crystal growth on CO2−3-cancrinite/sodalite mixed phase crystals followed a second-order dependence on the relative supersaturation of SiO2. An activation energy of 52 kJ mol−1 was estimated for the crystal growth process. For desilication kinetics involving NO−3-cancrinite seed crystal growth, a third-order dependence on relative supersaturation of SiO2 and an activation energy of 63 kJ mol−1 were obtained.

Item ID: 38193
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: sodium aluminosilicate; sodalite; cancrinite; desilication kinetics; crystal growth; precipitation
ISSN: 1873-5002
Funders: Comalco Aluminium, Queensland Alumina, Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2015 05:17
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl Structural) > 030601 Catalysis and Mechanisms of Reactions @ 50%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl Structural) > 030603 Colloid and Surface Chemistry @ 50%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8403 First Stage Treatment of Ores and Minerals > 840301 Alumina Production @ 100%
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