ADHD and DCD comorbidity: the associated problems

Loh, Pek Ru, Piek, Jan P., and Barrett, Nicholas C. (2011) ADHD and DCD comorbidity: the associated problems. In: Posters from the 10th Developmental Coordination Disorder Conference. p. 1. From: DCD 10: 10th Developmental Coordination Disorder Conference, December 2011, Perth, Australia.

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Abstract

Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has a high comorbidity with Development Coordination Disorder (DCD). On their own, these disorders are often associated with many other behavioural and emotional problems. However, studies investigating associated problems in this comorbid group are limited. This study examined these associated problems in children with comorbid ADHD and DCD using the Conners' Parent and Teachers' Rating Scales (CPRS-R:L; CTRS-R:L). A total of 109 participants (82 males; 27 females) with age ranging from 9.8 to 12.7 (M=11.16; SD=0.79) participated in this study. Participants were placed into 4 groups: Controls (n=41), ADHD (n=29), DCD (n=17) and comorbid ADHD/DCD (n=22), based on the scores from the Australian Disruptive Behaviours Scale, the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire and the McCarron Assessment Neuromuscular Development measure. A multivariate analysis of variance was conducted on the parent-rated and the teacher-rated Conners' test variables Anxious-Shy, Perfectionism, Social Problems and Psychosomatic separately. Results revealed that parents reported significant social problems seen in children with ADHD and comorbid ADHD/DCD. These children have few friends, experience low self-esteem and self-confidence, and they also feel emotionally distant from peers. However, teachers only reported significant social problems seen in children with comorbid ADHD/DCD. In addition, parents reported significant psychosomatic symptoms seen in children with ADHD. No significant group differences were found for the variables Anxious-Shy and Perfectionism. These findings imply that children with comorbid ADHD/DCD experience more significant social problems compared to children with only ADHD or DCD.

Item ID: 38132
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2016 00:50
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 50%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services @ 100%
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