Gender differences in care-seeking behavior and health care consumption after work-related whiplash injuries injuries: Arthur Tenenbaum

Tenenbaum, Arthur, Gunnarsson, Ronny, Nordeman, Lena, Sunnerhagen, Katarina, and Billhult, Annika (2014) Gender differences in care-seeking behavior and health care consumption after work-related whiplash injuries injuries: Arthur Tenenbaum. In: European Journal of Public Health (24) pp. 360-361. From: 7th European Public Health Conference, 19-22 November 2014, Glasgow, UK.

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Abstract

Background: The aim was to study gender differences in care-seeking behaviour regarding type of facility, time span and type of treatment after work-related motor vehicle trauma (WRMVT) and to investigate the incidence of WRMVT.

Methods:

- Design: Cross-sectional retrospective study.

- Setting: A population-based register in a Swedish county from 1999 to 2008.

- Participants: A cohort of 820 persons, 18-65 years of age, involved in traffic accidents, either working at the time of the trauma, or on their way to or from work, resulting in a clinical whiplash diagnosis.

Results: Women sought care at primary health care units more often than men, who sought care mainly at hospitals (p = 0.0048). Four percent of the injured persons were treated at hospital. Twelve percent of all patients involved in WRMVT sought care with a delay of at least three days. Women sought care later than men (p = 0.011). There was no difference in gender regarding type of treatment after trauma. Ninety-one percent were treated and discharged and six percent were sent home untreated after examination. Fifty-two percent of the injured persons sought care at primary care units. The annual incidence of WRMVT decreased from 68/100 000 to 43/100 000.

Conclusion: The incidence of WRMVT in the rural and urban county declined during 1999-2008. Women sought care at primary care units more often then men. Women sought care later then men after the trauma which may reduce especially women's probability of getting workers compensation.

Key messages:

• Gender differences exist in WRMVT, women seek primary health care more often, and later than men do which may affect insurance outcomes for women.

• The annual incidence of acute whiplash disorders due to WRMVT decreased from 68/100 000 to 43/100 000 inhabitants annually between 1999 to 2008.

Item ID: 37981
Item Type: Conference Item (Abstract / Summary)
ISSN: 1464-360X
Additional Information:

Published in European Journal of Public Health, Volume 24, Supplement 2, 2014.

Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2015 05:10
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110321 Rehabilitation and Therapy (excl Physiotherapy) @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111717 Primary Health Care @ 50%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920116 Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis) @ 100%
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