Foreign direct investment in R&D and domestic entrepreneurship in China's manufacturing industries

Anwar, Sajid, and Sun, Sizhong (2015) Foreign direct investment in R&D and domestic entrepreneurship in China's manufacturing industries. Applied Economics, 47 (16). pp. 1633-1651.

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Abstract

This paper argues that internationalization of innovation and the related spillovers can also affect the likelihood of firm entry and exit into an industry. By making use of firm-level panel data from China over the period 2005 to 2007, this paper examines the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) in research and development (R&D) and the related linkages on entry and exit likelihoods of domestic firms in (i) transport equipment and (ii) electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industries. In order to evaluate the region-of-origin effect, this paper also separately examines the impact of FDI in R&D originating from (i) all countries except Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and (ii) Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Furthermore, the impact of FDI in R&D on entry and exit of Chinese firms in the two industries is examined by splitting the data into large and small firms within the two industries. The results of the pooled probit regression reveal that FDI in R&D and the related spillovers can have a significant impact on the likelihood of entry and exit of domestic firms in transport equipment and electric machinery and equipment industries. The empirical analysis also suggests that the impact of changes in FDI in R&D and the related spillovers varies across firm size.

Item ID: 37939
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1466-4283
Keywords: internationalization of innovation, R&D, entry, exit, China, probit regression
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 15:24
FoR Codes: 14 ECONOMICS > 1402 Applied Economics > 140209 Industry Economics and Industrial Organisation @ 100%
SEO Codes: 91 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 9102 Microeconomics > 910204 Industry Costs and Structure @ 100%
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