Representing taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity: new challenges for Mediterranean marine-protected areas

Guilhaumon, Francois, Albouy, Camille, Claudet, Joachim, Velez, Laure, Lasram, Frida Ben Rais, Tomasini, Jean-Antoine, Douzery, Emmanuel J.P., Meynard, Christine, Mouquet, Nicolas, Troussellier, Marc, Araújo, Miguel B., and Mouillot, David (2015) Representing taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity: new challenges for Mediterranean marine-protected areas. Diversity and Distributions, 21 (2). pp. 175-187.

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Abstract

Aim: To assess gaps in the representation of taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity among coastal fishes in Mediterranean marine-protected areas (MPAs).

Location: Mediterranean Sea.

Methods: We first assessed gaps in the taxonomic representation of the 340 coastal fish species in Mediterranean MPAs, with representation targets (the species range proportion to be covered by MPAs) set to be inversely proportional to species' range sizes. We then asked whether MPAs favoured representation of phylogenetically and functionally more distinct species or whether there was a tendency to favour less distinctive ones. We finally evaluated the overall conservation effectiveness of the MPAs using a metric that integrates species' phylogenetic and functional relationships and targets achievement. The effectiveness of the MPA system at protecting biodiversity was assessed by comparison of its achievements against a null model obtained by siting current MPAs at random over the study area.

Results: Among the coastal fish species analysed, 16 species were not covered by any MPA. All the remaining species only partially achieved the pre-defined representation target. The current MPA system missed fewer species than expected from siting MPAs at random. However, c.70% of the species did not achieve better protection in the current MPAs than expected from siting MPAs at random. Functional and evolutionary distinctiveness were weakly correlated with target achievement. The observed coverage of taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity was not different or lower than expected from siting MPAs at random.

Main conclusions: The Mediterranean MPA system falls short in meeting conservation targets for coastal fish taxonomic diversity, phylogenetic diversity and functional diversity. Mediterranean MPAs do not encompass more biodiversity than expected by chance. This study reveals multiple ongoing challenges and calls for regional collaboration for the extension of the Mediterranean system of MPAs to meet international commitments and reduce the ongoing loss of marine biodiversity.

Item ID: 37931
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1366-9516
Keywords: functional diversity, gap analysis, marine-protected area, Mediterranean fishes, phylogenetic diversity, reserves, taxonomic diversity
Funders: Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal, European Social Fund, Total Foundation, Fondation pour la Recherche sur la Biodiversité (BIODIVMED)
Projects and Grants: FCT Range Shift Project (PTDC/AAC-AMB/098163/2008)
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 17:08
Downloads: Total: 1
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