Home-range allometry in coral reef fishes: comparison to other vertebrates, methodological issues and management implications

Nash, Kirsty L., Welsh, Justin Q., Graham, Nicholas A.J., and Bellwood, David R. (2015) Home-range allometry in coral reef fishes: comparison to other vertebrates, methodological issues and management implications. Oecologia, 177 (1). pp. 73-83.

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Abstract

Body size has been identified as a key driver of home-range area. Despite considerable research into home-range allometry, the relatively high variability in this relationship among taxa means that the mechanisms driving this relationship are still under debate. To date, studies have predominantly focused on terrestrial taxa, and coral reef fishes in particular have received little attention. We quantitatively reviewed studies examining home range in reef fishes, and assessed the interspecific relationship between body mass and home-range area. Body mass and home range are positively related in reef fishes (slopes of 1.15-1.72), with predators having larger home ranges than herbivorous species. This may be attributed to the mobility and lower abundance of predators' food items. Coral reef fishes, and fishes in general, appear to occupy a smaller area per unit mass than terrestrial vertebrates (intercepts of -0.92 to 0.07 versus a parts per thousand yen1.14). This is likely linked to the relative metabolic costs of moving through water compared to air. The small home ranges of reef fishes and their apparent reluctance to cross open areas suggest that reserves aimed at protecting fish species may be more effective if located across whole reefs, even if those reefs are comparatively small, rather than if they cover subsections of contiguous reef, as home ranges in the former are less likely to cross reserve boundaries.

Item ID: 37920
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1939
Keywords: movement, spatial ecology, mammals, birds, lizards
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2015 16:08
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070403 Fisheries Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 100%
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