Acute undifferentiated fever in Asia: a review of the literature

Susilawati, Tri N., and McBride, John J.H. (2014) Acute undifferentiated fever in Asia: a review of the literature. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 45 (3). pp. 719-726.

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Acute undifferentiated fever (AUF) is a temporary febrile illness accompanied by non-specific symptoms. Previous studies in Asia have primarily focused on delineating specific agent(s) causing AUF. None were designed to assess the frequency of undiagnosed cases. This study aimed to review the case definition, laboratory investigations, etiologies and proportion of undiagnosed episodes of AUF. We reviewed nine studies, each employing different case definitions and diagnostic tools. Malaria, dengue, leptospirosis and rickettsial illnesses were frequently identified as the etiologies of AUF and the frequencies of undiagnosed cases ranged from 8% to 80%. An international consensus definition is required to compare the occurrence of AUF in different geographical sites, particularly if this condition were to be used as an indicator for the emergence or re-emergence of infectious agents. Use of general diagnostic tools for infectious diseases might reduce the proportion of undiagnosed AUF cases.

Item ID: 37823
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0125-1562
Keywords: fever, epidemiology, Asia
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Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2015 01:24
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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