Pharmaceutical care model to assess the medication-related risks of travel

Heslop, Ian M., Bellingan, Michelle, Speare, Richard, and Glass, Beverley D. (2014) Pharmaceutical care model to assess the medication-related risks of travel. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 36 (6). pp. 1196-1204.

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Background: People are at greater risk of health problems when travelling and a significant number of travel-related health problems are associated with the effects of travel on pre-existing chronic diseases. Medications play a key role in the management of these conditions. However, there is a notable lack of research evaluating the potential medication-related risks associated with travel.

Objective: To apply a systematic pharmaceutical care model developed to evaluate potential pharmaceutical risks (PPRs) and pharmaceutical care issues (PCIs) in travellers. Setting: Adult travellers leaving Cairns International Airport, Australia, for an international destination.

Method: A cross-sectional survey using semi-structured interviews, including a systematic medication history, followed by the application of a pharmaceutical care model to evaluate each participant for PPRs and PCIs.

Main outcome measure: Evaluation of standard clinical and travel-related PPRs and PCIs.

Results: Medications for chronic diseases were being taken by 47.7% of the 218 travellers interviewed. Although 75.2% of participants presented with no PPRs, a total of 274 PCIs were identified across 61.5% of the participants, with an average of 2.04 PCIs per participant. The most prevalent PCIs related to the inadequate precautions taken by some travellers visiting malaria-endemic regions. Although 91 participants recognised that they were travelling to malaria-endemic regions, 65.9% of these participants were not using malarial chemoprophylaxis, and only 16.5% were using chemoprophylaxis that fully complied with standard recommendations. The second most prevalent PCI was the need for 18.8% of participants to be educated about their medications. Other PCIs identified have the potential to increase the risk of acute, travel-related conditions, and complicate the care of travellers, if they inadvertently became unwell while overseas.

Conclusion: PPRs and PCIs were not identified in all participants. However, the impact of many of the identified medication-related issues could be substantial to the traveller. This study represents the novel application of a pharmaceutical care model to identify potential PPRs and PCIs in travellers that may not be identified by other pre-travel risk assessment methods.

Item ID: 37786
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2210-7711
Keywords: Australia, chronic disease, medication related risks, pharmaceutical care issues (PCIs), potential pharmaceutical risks (PPRs), travel health
Funders: Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University (JCU)
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2015 00:56
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences > 111503 Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920205 Health Education and Promotion @ 100%
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