Biodiversity and sustainable development

Lockie, Stewart, and Ransan-Cooper, Hedda (2015) Biodiversity and sustainable development. In: Redclift, Michael, and Springett, Delyse, (eds.) Routledge International Handbook of Sustainable Development. Routledge, Oxon, UK, pp. 123-135.

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[Extract] At face value, the importance of biological diversity to sustainable development is obvious. Beyond the intrinsic value we ascribe to living organisms and assemblages, biodiversity contributes to numerous ecosystem processes that support ecological, economic and social well-being. Biodiversity enhances the ability of ecosystems - including heavily modified ecosystems such as those found in farms, gardens, cities and towns - to cope with climatic and environmental shocks. Biodiversity supports food security by providing raw genetic material for improved crop and livestock varieties. Biodiversity provides opportunities for indigenous and other communities to cultivate market niches based on traditional knowledge and livelihood practices. Indeed, biodiversity and the ecosystem processes in which it is implicated provide a host of services to people that would otherwise require expensive technological and financial inputs. These include the purification of water and air; the provision of food, fibre, timber and fuel; the mitigation of floods, drought, disease; and so on. In more ways than we yet understand, biodiversity is central to the sustainability of human societies and economies.

Item ID: 37761
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-415-83842-9
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2015 05:44
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 80%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160801 Applied Sociology, Program Evaluation and Social Impact Assessment @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960601 Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection @ 80%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society @ 20%
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