The evolution of angiosperm lianescence: a perspective from xylem structure-function

Isnard, Sandrine, and Feild, Taylor S. (2015) The evolution of angiosperm lianescence: a perspective from xylem structure-function. In: Schnitzer, Stefan A., Bongers, Frans, Burnham, Robyn J., and Putz, Francis E., (eds.) Ecology of Lianas. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 221-238.

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The evolution of lianas has punctuated the history of land plants, with the angiosperm lineages representing the most recent stage of liana exploration. The model of lianas as fast-growing, disturbance-loving plants emerges largely from the function of eudicot and magnoliid angiosperms. This chapter looks at some specific properties of ecology and function, derived from functional aspects of stem hydraulics, which appear to be restricted to lianas. It charts the broad picture of xylem structure and function of angiosperm lianescence framed by what is known about the comparative ecophysiologies of eudicot/magnoliid and monocot lianas from temperate/ tropical zones. The chapter reviews the liana hydraulic paradigm illustrated by these angiosperm climbers. Finally, it explores how other climber lineages differ from generally accepted views about how lianas function hydraulically.

Item ID: 37652
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-118-39249-2
Keywords: angiosperm climbers; angiosperm lianescence; liana hydraulic capacities; magnoliid angiosperms; mesangiosperm liana diversification; xylem structure-function
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 23:42
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060705 Plant Physiology @ 60%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060310 Plant Systematics and Taxonomy @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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