Effects of endurance training only versus same-session combined endurance and strenth training on physical performance and serum hormone concentrations in recreational endurance runners

Schumann, Moritz, Mykkänen, Olli-Pekka, Doma, Kenji, Mazzolari, Raffaele, Nyman, Kai, and Häkkinen, Keijo (2015) Effects of endurance training only versus same-session combined endurance and strenth training on physical performance and serum hormone concentrations in recreational endurance runners. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, 40 (1). pp. 28-36.

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of endurance training only (E, n = 14) and same-session combined training, when strength training is repeatedly preceded by endurance loading (endurance and strength training (E+S), n = 13) on endurance (1000-m running time during incremental field test) and strength performance (1-repetition maximum (1RM) in dynamic leg press), basal serum hormone concentrations, and endurance loading-induced force and hormone responses in recreationally endurance-trained men. E was identical in the 2 groups and consisted of steady-state and interval running, 4–6 times per week for 24 weeks. E+S performed additional mixed-maximal and explosive-strength training (2 times per week) immediately following an incremental running session (35–45 min, 65%–85% maximal heart rate). E and E+S decreased running time at week 12 (–8% ± 5%, p = 0.001 and –7% ± 3%, p < 0.001) and 24 (–13% ± 5%, p < 0.001 and –9% ± 5%, p = 0.001). Strength performance decreased in E at week 24 (–5% ± 5%, p = 0.014) but was maintained in E+S (between-groups at week 12 and 24, p = 0.014 and 0.011, respectively). Basal serum testosterone and cortisol concentrations remained unaltered in E and E+S but testosterone/sex hormone binding globulin ratio decreased in E+S at week 12 (–19% ± 26%, p = 0.006). At week 0 and 24, endurance loading-induced acute force (–5% to –9%, p = 0.032 to 0.001) and testosterone and cortisol responses (18%–47%, p = 0.013 to p < 0.001) were similar between E and E+S. This study showed no endurance performance benefits when strength training was performed repeatedly after endurance training compared with endurance training only. This was supported by similar acute responses in force and hormonal measures immediately post-endurance loading after the training with sustained 1RM strength in E+S.

Item ID: 37632
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1715-5320
Keywords: concurrent training, acute interference, testosterone, cortisol, endurance running, endocrine adaptations, loading responses
Funders: Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, Polar Electro Oy
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 23:30
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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