Predicting respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation in Australian children

Reeve, Carole, Whitehall, John, Buettner, Petra, Norton, Robert, Reeve, David, and Francis, Fleur (2006) Predicting respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation in Australian children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 42 (5). pp. 248-252.

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Abstract

Background: There is limited information on respiratory syncytial virus infections among Australians, particularly those of Indigenous descent.

Aim: This study identifies groups of infants at risk of hospitalisation with respiratory syncytial virus-positive lower respiratory tract infection who may be targeted for prevention with palivizumab.

Methods: Case control study: the case notes of 271 children with cases of respiratory syncytial virus-positive lower respiratory tract infection admitted to The Townsville Hospital were studied for risk factors. Controls were chosen randomly from babies born in The Townsville Hospital during that period. Multiple logistic regression analysis and classification and regression tree analysis were used to identify risk factors.

Results: Multiple logistic regression analysis identified birthweight <2500 g, maternal parity and marital status to be independent predictors of hospitalisation with respiratory syncytial virus-positive lower respiratory tract infection. Classification and regression tree analysis identified babies born weighing <2500 g who possessed older siblings to be at highest risk. Single mothers and smoking were additional risk factors. Indigenous babies were significantly more likely to be exposed to all of the identified risk factors.

Conclusion: Babies born weighing <2500 g (especially with siblings) could be targeted for prevention. All Indigenous babies should be considered at high risk because of their exposure to multiple risk factors.

Item ID: 3755
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-1754
Keywords: hospitalisation; low birth weight; respiratory syncytial virus; risk factor
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2009 22:19
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111403 Paediatrics @ 80%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine @ 20%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9205 Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) > 920501 Child Health @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920399 Indigenous Health not elsewhere classified @ 20%
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