Delivery Strategies to Optimize Resource Utilization and Performance Status for Patients With Advanced Life-Limiting Illness: results From the "Palliative Care Trial" [ISRCTN 81117481]

Abernethy, Amy P., Currow, David C., Shelby-James, Tania, Rowett, Debra, May, Frank, Samsa, Gregory P., Hunt, Roger, Williams, Helena, Esterman, Adrian, and Phillips, Paddy A. (2013) Delivery Strategies to Optimize Resource Utilization and Performance Status for Patients With Advanced Life-Limiting Illness: results From the "Palliative Care Trial" [ISRCTN 81117481]. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45 (3). pp. 488-505.

[img] PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman....
49


Abstract

Context: Evidence-based approaches are needed to improve the delivery of specialized palliative care.

Objectives: The aim of this trial was to improve on current models of service provision.

Methods: This 2 x 2 x 2 factorial cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted at an Australian community-based palliative care service, allowing three simultaneous comparative effectiveness studies. Participating patients were newly referred adults, experiencing pain, and who were expected to live >48 hours. Patients enrolled with their general practitioners (GPs) and were randomized three times: 1) individualized interdisciplinary case conference including their GP vs. control, 2) educational outreach visiting for GPs about pain management vs. control, and 3) structured educational visiting for patients/caregivers about pain management vs. control. The control condition was current palliative care. Outcomes included Australia-modified Karnofsky Performance Status (AKPS) and pain from 60 days after randomization and hospitalizations.

Results: There were 461 participants: mean age 71 years, 50% male, 91% with cancer, median survival 179 days, and median baseline AKPS 60. Only 47% of individuals randomized to the case conferencing intervention received it; based on a priori-defined analyses, 32% of participants were included in final analyses. Case conferencing reduced hospitalizations by 26% (least squares means hospitalizations per patient: case conference 1.26 [SE 0.10] vs. control 1.70 [SE 0.13], P = 0.0069) and better maintained performance status (AKPS case conferences 57.3 [SE 1.5] vs. control 51.7 [SE 2.3], P = 0.0368). Among patients with declining function (AKPS <70), case conferencing and patient/caregiver education better maintained performance status (AKPS case conferences 55.0 [SE 2.1] vs. control 46.5 [SE 2.9], P = 0.0143; patient/caregiver education 54.7 [SE 2.8] vs. control 46.8 [SE 2.1], P = 0.0206). Pain was unchanged. GP education did not change outcomes.

Conclusion: A single case conference added to current specialized community-based palliative care reduced hospitalizations and better maintained performance status. Comparatively, patient/caregiver education was less effective; GP education was not effective.

Item ID: 37500
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-6513
Keywords: palliative care, case conference, specialized palliative care, evidence-based service delivery model, adult, pain, patient and caregiver education, physician education, hospice
Funders: Department of Health and Ageing, Ian Potter Foundation (IPF), Cancer Council South Australia, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (DDCF), Repatration General Hospital, Aged Care & Housing Group, Southern Division of General Practice
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2015 07:41
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111702 Aged Health Care @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920211 Palliative Care @ 100%
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page