Understanding and managing compliance in the nature conservation context

Arias, Adrian (2015) Understanding and managing compliance in the nature conservation context. Journal of Environmental Management, 135. pp. 134-143.

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View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015...
 
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Abstract

Nature conservation relies largely on peoples' rule adherence. However, noncompliance in the conservation context is common: it is one of the largest illegal activities in the world, degrading societies, economies and the environment. Understanding and managing compliance is key for ensuring effective conservation, nevertheless crucial concepts and tools are scattered in a wide array of literature. Here I review and integrate these concepts and tools in an effort to guide compliance management in the conservation context. First, I address the understanding of compliance by breaking it down into five key questions: who?, what?, when?, where? and why?. A special focus is given to 'why?' because the answer to this question explains the reasons for compliance and noncompliance, providing critical information for management interventions. Second, I review compliance management strategies, from voluntary compliance to coerced compliance. Finally, I suggest a system, initially proposed for tax compliance, to balance these multiple compliance management strategies. This paper differs from others by providing a broad yet practical scope on theory and tools for understanding and managing compliance in the nature conservation context.

Item ID: 37461
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-8630
Keywords: enforcement; conservation; illegal resource use; poaching; natural resource management; behaviour
Funders: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University (JCU), AusAID
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2015 00:18
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 60%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1799 Other Psychology and Cognitive Sciences > 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960599 Ecosystem Assessment and Management not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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