Systematic Review of Existing Evidence and Primary Care Guidelines on the Management of Otitis Media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations

Couzos, Sophia, Metcalf, Sue, and Murray, Richard B. (2001) Systematic Review of Existing Evidence and Primary Care Guidelines on the Management of Otitis Media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations. Report. Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

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Abstract

[Extract] In developed countries, otitis media with effusion is the commonest cause of conductive hearing loss in children. In developing countries, on the other hand, acute and chronic suppurative ear disease is much more prevalent and contributes to increased mortality.2 In 1995, chronic suppurative otitis media was considered to be the most important cause of hearing impairment in Africa.3 The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended in 1991 that of all the causes of hearing impairment, priority should be given to the prevention and control of acute otitis media.4

The pattern of ear disease in Aboriginal populations is consistent with that in developing countries. But here, ear disease contributes little to reduced Aboriginal life expectancy. Instead, it leads to persistent and chronic ear disease and subsequent hearing loss from early infancy - with a legacy of educational and social disadvantage.

Disability associated with hearing impairment through chronic otitis media is a consequence of poverty.

Item ID: 37363
Item Type: Report (Report)
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Available documents attached to this record are as follows:

Full report: Couzos, Sophia, Metcalf, Sue, and Murray, Richard B. (2001) Systematic Review of Existing Evidence and Primary Care Guidelines on the Management of Otitis Media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations. Report. Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Plain language summary: National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO) (2001) The Management of Middle Ear Infection in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Populations: plain language summary of the systematic review on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Report. Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

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ISBN: 978-0-642-73571-3
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2015 00:51
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111717 Primary Health Care @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9203 Indigenous Health > 920303 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions) @ 100%
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