Youth justice in Australia

Cunneen, Chris (2014) Youth justice in Australia. In: Wahl, Anthony, (ed.) Oxford Handbooks Online: criminology and criminal justice. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, pp. 1-16.

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This essay provides an overview and analysis of juvenile justice in Australia. It describes the historical background to the establishment of a separate juvenile justice system and the contemporary legislative framework for juvenile justice. The essay examines the most prevalent offenses for which young people come into contact with juvenile justice agencies. the role of the police, the administration of diversionary schemes, and the role of the children's court are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the sentencing of young people and the various sanctions available to the court, including community-based orders and detention. The longer-term trends in sentencing, particularly the use of detention, are also analyzed. The essay concludes with a consideration of key issues in juvenile justice, including policing and public order, the use of pretrial detention (remand), racialization and the overrepresentation of Indigenous youth, and the importance of human rights.

Item ID: 37310
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-19-993538-3
Keywords: juvenile justice, policing, detention, sanctions, remand, pretrial detention, human rights, Indigenous youth
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 01:48
FoR Codes: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180119 Law and Society @ 60%
16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1602 Criminology > 160202 Correctional Theory, Offender Treatment and Rehabilitation @ 20%
18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180101 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Law @ 20%
SEO Codes: 94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940402 Crime Prevention @ 40%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940403 Criminal Justice @ 30%
94 LAW, POLITICS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES > 9404 Justice and the Law > 940408 Rehabilitation and Correctional Services @ 30%
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