Ecological effects of lianas in fragmented forests

Campbell, Mason, Laurance, William F., and Magrach, Ainhoa (2015) Ecological effects of lianas in fragmented forests. In: Schnitzer, Stefan A., Bongers, Frans, Burnham, Robyn J., and Putz, Francis E., (eds.) Ecology of Lianas. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 443-450.

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Understanding how biodiversity persists in the small fragments of forest that remain in many tropical regions is a vital priority. This chapter reviews available studies on liana communities and liana–tree interactions in fragmented tropical forests. Although much remains unknown, it is apparent that lianas often increase dramatically in abundance in fragmented forests. Fragmentation of once-continuous primary forests results in a considerable increase in landscape-wide liana abundance and rates of tree infestation. There are three main reasons for the increase in liana abundance. First, the area of forest edge greatly increases within fragmented forest landscapes and forest edges are preferential liana habitat. Second, elevated rates of large tree mortality, turnover and treefall-gap creation occur in many forest fragments, which again enhance the amount of available disturbed and well-lit habitat preferred by lianas. Finally, initial forest loss and fragmentation may lead to a greater area of forest regeneration ("younger" forest).

Item ID: 37259
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-118-39249-2
Keywords: biodiversity; fragmented forest landscapes; fragmented tropical forests; large tree mortality.; liana abundance
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This publication was included as Chapter 1 of the following PhD thesis: Campbell, Mason James (2016) The ecological response of lianas to habitat fragmentation of a tropical rainforest. PhD thesis, James Cook University, which is available Open Access in ResearchOnline@JCU. Please see the Related URLs for access.

Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Discovery Grant
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2015 06:24
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060202 Community Ecology (excl Invasive Species Ecology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960806 Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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