Strengths of character, orientations to happiness, life satisfaction and purpose in Singapore

Lee, Janice Niann Tsyr, Foo, Koong, Adams, Austin, Morgan, Robert, and Frewen, Amie (2015) Strengths of character, orientations to happiness, life satisfaction and purpose in Singapore. Journal of Tropical Psychology, 5. pp. 1-21.

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Abstract

Positive psychology has identified six virtues comprising 24 character strengths of humans. This study examines the relationships among these character strengths, including Happiness, Life Purpose and Life Satisfaction as valued by Singapore Chinese, Malays, Indians and Other Asians and Caucasians. A sample of Singapore adults (N = 304) completed an online survey in English comprising four measures, the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths, the Orientations to Happiness Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Life Engagement Test. Results show that Zest, Hope, Curiosity, Capacity to Love and Gratitude are the top five character strengths of the sampled Singaporeans. Happiness orientation through pursuing a Life of Meaning is preferred by all four ethnic groups. Ethnic differences are found for character strengths of Kindness, Humour, Gratitude, and Religiousness and Spirituality. Life of Meaning and Life of Engagement, Happiness orientations and character strengths of Curiosity and Perseverance are direct predictors of Life Purpose. In turn, Life Purpose and character strengths of Capacity to Love and Gratitude are found to be direct predictors of Life Satisfaction. Despite its other limitations, this study lays the groundwork for future studies using more robust sampling strategies and greater participation from the major ethnic groups in Singapore.

Item ID: 37153
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: strengths of character; happiness; life satisfaction; Singapore; ethnic groups
ISSN: 1838-9902
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2015 01:11
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 55%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170113 Social and Community Psychology @ 45%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services) @ 40%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services @ 60%
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