How do environmental factors influence life cycles and development? An experimental framework for early-diverging metazoans

Bosch, Thomas C.G., Adamska, Maja, Augustin, René, Domazet-Loso, Tomislav, Foret, Sylvain, Fraune, Sebastian, Funayama, Noriko, Grasis, Juris, Hamada, Mayuko, Hatta, Masayuki, Hobmayer, Bert, Kawai, Kotoe, Klimovich, Alexander, Manuel, Michael, Shinzato, Chuya, Technau, Uli, Yum, Seungshic, and Miller, David J. (2014) How do environmental factors influence life cycles and development? An experimental framework for early-diverging metazoans. BioEssays, 36 (12). pp. 1185-1194.

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Abstract

Ecological developmental biology (eco-devo) explores the mechanistic relationships between the processes of individual development and environmental factors. Recent studies imply that some of these relationships have deep evolutionary origins, and may even pre-date the divergences of the simplest extant animals, including cnidarians and sponges. Development of these early diverging metazoans is often sensitive to environmental factors, and these interactions occur in the context of conserved signaling pathways and mechanisms of tissue homeostasis whose detailed molecular logic remain elusive. Efficient methods for transgenesis in cnidarians together with the ease of experimental manipulation in cnidarians and sponges make them ideal models for understanding causal relationships between environmental factors and developmental mechanisms. Here, we identify major questions at the interface between animal evolution and development and outline a road map for research aimed at identifying the mechanisms that link environmental factors to developmental mechanisms in early diverging metazoans.

Item ID: 37084
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Cnidaria, corals, environmental genomics, holobiont, hydra, sponges, symbiosis
ISSN: 1521-1878
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2015 07:31
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060403 Developmental Genetics (incl Sex Determination) @ 80%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0608 Zoology > 060803 Animal Developmental and Reproductive Biology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9601 Air Quality > 960106 Urban and Industrial Air Quality @ 100%
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