Live music promotes positive behaviours in people with Alzheimer's disease

Cox, Elissa, Nowak, Madeleine, and Buettner, Petra (2014) Live music promotes positive behaviours in people with Alzheimer's disease. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 77 (11). pp. 556-564.

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Abstract

Introduction: Behavioural symptoms of Alzheimer's disease present barriers to providing a holistic standard of care. Limited attention has been given to the potential effects of live music, rather than background music or music therapy, on mood, function, and participation in and performance of daily activities. This exploratory study investigated whether live music could facilitate the expression of positive behaviour in people with-Alzheimers disease.

Method: A live musical violin intervention, provided on a one-to-one basis in a residential care facility, was employed to assess positive behaviour in people with moderate-to-severe Alzheimer's disease using a one-group repeated measures design. Seven participants were video-recorded before, during, and after the intervention, which was provided individually in three separate sessions. The investigator and a blinded assessor used an investigator-modified version of the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory to assess 16 positive behaviours. Quotations from study participants are presented. Data were analysed using the Friedman test.

Results: The total number of positive behaviours increased significantly from a median number of 4.3 (range 1.3-13) before the intervention to 30 (range 13-47.7) during, and 24.3 (range 4-27.7) after the intervention (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: Live individualized music may provide occupational therapists with a useful strategy to enrich the lives of people with Alzheimer's disease.

Item ID: 37080
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0308-0226
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, live music, positive behaviour, residential care
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2015 07:47
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111702 Aged Health Care @ 50%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 25%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 25%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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