Global diversity and geography of soil fungi

Tedersoo, Leho, Bahram, Mohammad, Põlme, Sergei, Kõljalg, Urmas, Yorou, Nourou S., Wijesundera, Ravi, Villarreal Ruiz, Luis, Vasco-Palacios, Aida M., Pham, Quang Thu, Suija, Ave, Smith, Matthew E., Sharp, Cathy, Saluveer, Erki, Saitta, Alessandro, Rosas, Miguel, Riit, Taavi, Ratkowsky, David, Pritsch, Karin, Põldmaa, Kadri, Piepenbring, Meike, Phosri, Cherdchai, Peterson, Marko, Parts, Kaarin, Paertel, Kadri, Otsing, Eveli, Nouhra, Eduardo, Njouonkou, Andre L., Nilsson, R. Henrik, Morgado, Luis N., Mayor, Jordan, May, Tom W., Majuakim, Luiza, Lodge, D. Jean, Lee, Su See, Larsson, Karl-Henrik, Kohout, Petr, Hosaka, Kentaro, Hiiesalu, Indrek, Henkel, Terry W., Harend, Helery, Guo, Liang-dong, Greslebin, Alina, Grelet, Gwen, Geml, Jozsef, Gates, Genevieve, Dunstan, William, Dunk, Chris, Drenkhan, Rein, Dearnaley, John, De Kesel, Andre, Dang, Tan, Chen, Xin, Buegger, Franz, Brearley, Francis Q., Bonito, Gregory, Anslan, Sten, Abell, Sandra, and Abarenkov, Kessy (2014) Global diversity and geography of soil fungi. Science, 346 (6213). pp. 1078-1088.

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Abstract

Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples, we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity. The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms, with several notable exceptions. These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.

Item ID: 37041
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9203
Funders: Estonian Science Foundation (ESF), Frontiers in Biology Research, European Research Council
Projects and Grants: ESF Grant No. 9286, ESF Grant No. 171PUT, ESF Grant No. IUT20-30, ESF Grant No. EMP265
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2015 07:35
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060505 Mycology @ 20%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050303 Soil Biology @ 40%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060102 Bioinformatics @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960805 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9614 Soils > 961403 Forest and Woodlands Soils @ 50%
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