Norcantharimide analogues possessing terminal phosphate esters and their anti-cancer activity

Robertson, Mark J., Gordon, Christopher P., Gilbert, Jayne, McCluskey, Adam, and Sakoff, Jennette A. (2011) Norcantharimide analogues possessing terminal phosphate esters and their anti-cancer activity. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 19 (18). pp. 5734-5741.

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Abstract

A family of norcantharidin analogues possessing a terminal alcohol (ethanol, propanol, butanol, pentanol, hexanol and cyclohexanol) moiety were treated with either chlorodiethyl, chlorodiphenyl or chloro-bis-trichloroethyl-phosphate to afford highly focused libraries of the corresponding phosphate esters. Subsequent biological screening against a panel of nine human cancer cell lines identified a trend between the ease of phosphate unmasking (phosphate ester hydrolysis) and cell death. The most potent analogues possessed either a diphenyl or a bis-trichloroethyl moiety. The effect of alkyl spacer was also examined with the hexyl analogues typically more potent. 4-Aza-4-(3-{bis(2,2,2-trichloroethyl)phosphate}propyl)-10-oxatricyclo[5.2.1.0]decane-3,5-dione (10b) was the most potent analogue synthesised with an average GI50 of 11 µM across a panel of nine human carcinoma cell lines: colon carcinoma (HT29 and SW480); breast carcinoma (MCF-7); ovarian carcinoma (A2780); lung carcinoma (H460); skin carcinoma (A431); prostate carcinoma (DU145); neuronal carcinoma (BE2-C) and brain carcinoma (SJ-G2). This represents a fivefold improvement in anti-proliferative activity relative to the lead, norcantharidin.

Item ID: 36839
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1464-3391
Keywords: cantharidin, norcantharidin, norcantharimide, cytotoxicity, anti-cancer
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2014 07:31
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030503 Organic Chemical Synthesis @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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