Titanium dioxide/zeolite integrated photocatalytic adsorbents for thedegradation of amoxicillin

Kanakaraju, Devagi, Kockler, Jutta, Motti, Cherie A., Glass, Beverley D., and Oelgemöller, Michael (2015) Titanium dioxide/zeolite integrated photocatalytic adsorbents for thedegradation of amoxicillin. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 166-167. pp. 45-55.

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Abstract

Integrated photocatalytic adsorbents (IPA) prepared from TiO(2) and natural zeolite were applied to amoxicillin (AMX) degradation. The acid-alkali pre-treated zeolite annealed at 300 °C under nitrogen resulted in the best degradation of AMX. The superior performance of this IPA material was explained using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). SEM analysis showed an uneven surface as a result of TiO(2) cluster deposition, which provides more active sites for adsorption and degradation. XRD results revealed that peaks from more photoactive anatase were more prominent in this IPA material. EDS analyses also confirmed the presence of high amounts of TiO(2). Despite their large TiO(2) loadings, comparison experiments with untreated zeolite suggested that the pores are still available for adsorption. The overall performance of the IPA material for the degradation of AMX was thus attributed to the adsorption capability of the zeolite carrier, the photocatalytic activity of TiO(2) coating and acid-catalyzed hydrolysis ('capture & destroy'). Degradation products resulting from TiO(2)/zeolite IPA-induced hydrolysis were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) prior to photocatalytic treatment. AMX and its thermal degradants were almost completely removed after 240 min of irradiation. The efficiency of the developed TiO(2)/zeolite material provides a potentially economical way of degrading pharmaceutical compounds and recovering photocatalysts simultaneously.

Item ID: 36493
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-3883
Keywords: photocatalysis; natural zeolite; integrated photocatalytic adsorbent; titanium dioxide; amoxicillin; hydrolysis
Funders: James Cook University, Malaysian Government
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2015 02:21
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030505 Physical Organic Chemistry @ 60%
03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030504 Organic Green Chemistry @ 40%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%
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