Surgical management of gastroschisis in North Queensland from 1988 to 2007

Kandasamy, Yoga, Whitehall, John, Gill, Arpinder, and Stalewski, H. (2010) Surgical management of gastroschisis in North Queensland from 1988 to 2007. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46 (1-2). pp. 40-44.

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Aim: To review outcomes of gastroschises originating in North Queensland and repaired in the neonatal centre in Townsville from 1988–2007, and compare these outcomes with published data from other centres.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of outcomes after primary operative repair (POR) with wound closure in fascial layers in the theatre, primary non-operative repair (PNOR) with apposition of the umbilical cord and adhesive dressing in the ward, secondary repair (SR) after a silo, and complex repair (CR) of cases with obstruction, perforation or atresiae. Epidemiological data of babies originating in North Queensland but managed in Brisbane were secured from Mater Mothers' Hospital and the Royal Hospital for Children.

Results: Fifty cases were treated in Townsville: 16 by PNOR, 22 by POR, 6 by SR and 6 by CR. Outcomes of uncomplicated cases treated by PNOR, POR and SR were similar. Outcomes of complicated cases after CR were significantly worse. No significant differences were found between PNOR in Townsvillle and published outcomes after SR from four overseas units. No differences were detected in outcomes of inborn and outborn babies, those delivered by vaginal or caesarean birth or between indigenous and non-indigenous babies. Three (6%) died. Gastroschisis is increasing in North Queensland, particularly in younger mothers. The incidence is 2–3 times higher in indigenous mothers.

Conclusion: No significant differences were found between PNOR and other techniques for uncomplicated cases. PNOR avoids the use of theatre and staff, reducing delay and cost, and the need to transport a sick baby.

Item ID: 36482
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1440-1754
Keywords: gastroschisis; indigenous; outcome; primary and secondary repair
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2015 04:32
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine > 111401 Foetal Development and Medicine @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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