Structural controls on gold mineralization on the margin of the Yilgarn craton, Albany-Fraser orogen: the Tropicana deposit, Western Australia

Blenkinsop, Tom G., and Doyle, Mark G. (2014) Structural controls on gold mineralization on the margin of the Yilgarn craton, Albany-Fraser orogen: the Tropicana deposit, Western Australia. Journal of Structural Geology, 67, Part B. pp. 189-204.

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Abstract

The Tropicana gold deposit is located adjacent to the margin of the Yilgarn craton in the Albany–Fraser orogen, Western Australia. The deposit is hosted in granulite facies quartzo-feldspathic gneisses of the Archean Tropicana Gneiss. Ore bodies comprise biotite-pyrite alteration concentrated in shear zones that formed during NE–SW shortening in the late Archean, and clearly postdate the formation and deformation of high-grade gneiss fabrics (D1 and D2). The orientation of the ore bodies is controlled by the shear zones that are in turn localised by the gneissic banding. Mineralization also involved solution and coeval microfracturing and veining of more competent pegmatitic units. The mineralizing event (D3) was followed by at least two further deformations, which reactivated and overprinted the biotite fabrics with sericite and chlorite, created new shear zones, and affected gold distribution. D5 consisted of dextral shear on ~E–W shear zones, which subdivide the deposit into five major structural domains. The importance of structurally controlled permeability at Tropicana is similar in cratonic lode gold deposits, as is the protracted deformation/fluid flow history. Like Renco mine in Zimbabwe, Tropicana gold deposit was formed by hydrothermal fluid flow peripheral to the craton: economic gold mineralization was clearly post-peak metamorphism.

Item ID: 36186
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-1201
Keywords: shear zone, Archean, lode gold, Orogen, Albany-Fraser, Tropicana
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 11:21
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040312 Structural Geology @ 70%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040307 Ore Deposit Petrology @ 30%
SEO Codes: 84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840105 Precious (Noble) Metal Ore Exploration @ 100%
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