Identification of Scleractinian coral recruits using fluorescent censusing and DNA barcoding techniques

Hsu, Chia-Min, de Palmas, Stéphane, Kuo, Chao-Yang, Denis, Vianney, and Chen, Chaolun Allen (2014) Identification of Scleractinian coral recruits using fluorescent censusing and DNA barcoding techniques. PLoS One, 9 (9). e107366-e107366.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (7MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0...
 
12
170


Abstract

The identification of coral recruits has been problematic due to a lack of definitive morphological characters being available for higher taxonomic resolution. In this study, we tested whether fluorescent detection of coral recruits used in combinations of different DNA-barcoding markers (cytochrome oxidase I gene [COI], open reading frame [ORF], and nuclear Pax-C intron [PaxC]) could be useful for increasing the resolution of coral spat identification in ecological studies. One hundred and fifty settlement plates were emplaced at nine sites on the fringing reefs of Kenting National Park in southern Taiwan between April 2011 and September 2012. A total of 248 living coral spats and juveniles (with basal areas ranging from 0.21 to 134.57 mm(2)) were detected on the plates with the aid of fluorescent light and collected for molecular analyses. Using the COI DNA barcoding technique, 90.3% (224/248) of coral spats were successfully identified into six genera, including Acropora, Isopora, Montipora, Pocillopora, Porites, and Pavona. PaxC further separated I. cuneata and I. palifera of Isopora from Acropora, and ORF successfully identified the species of Pocillopora (except P. meandrina and P. eydouxi). Moreover, other cnidarian species such as actinarians, zoanthids, and Millepora species were visually found using fluorescence and identified by COI DNA barcoding. This combination of existing approaches greatly improved the taxonomic resolution of early coral life stages, which to date has been mainly limited to the family level based on skeletal identification. Overall, this study suggests important improvements for the identification of coral recruits in ecological studies.

Item ID: 36185
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Additional Information:

© 2014 Hsu et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funders: National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC), Kenting National Park Authority, Taiwan, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 12:05
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 170
Last 12 Months: 18
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page