Geology and origin of the post-collisional Narigongma porphyry Cu-Mo deposit, southern Qinghai, Tibet

Yang, Zhiming, Hou, Zengqian, Xu, Jifeng, Bian, Xiongfei, Wang, Guiren, Yang, Zhusen, Tian, Shihong, Liu, Yingchao, and Wang, Zhaolin (2014) Geology and origin of the post-collisional Narigongma porphyry Cu-Mo deposit, southern Qinghai, Tibet. Gondwana Research, 26 (2). pp. 536-556.

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Abstract

Narigongma is a poorly studied Mo-rich (similar to 0.06 wt.%) post-collisional porphyry Cu deposit located in southern Qinghai Province, Tibet, 400 km northwest of the Yulong porphyry Cu-Mo-Au belt. The Narigongma deposit has a similar age (43-40 Ma) to porphyry deposits in the Yulong belt, but different ore assemblages. The Narigongma deposit is associated with Eocene granodiorite and granite intrusions that were emplaced into a Permian volcanic-sedimentary rock sequence. An similar to 43.3 Ma biotite granite stock (P1 porphyry) is the earliest Eocene intrusion, and this was itself intruded by a number of smaller, similar to 43.6 Ma fine-grained granite porphyry stocks (P2 porphyry) and several post-ore quartz diorite porphyry dikes (similar to 41.7 Ma). The main Cu-Mo mineralization at Narigongma is associated with the P1 porphyry. Hydrothermal alteration surrounding the deposits is generally characterized by concentric zones that range from an inner potassic zone outward to phyllic and argillic alteration zones, and an outer propylitic zone. Hypogene mineralization at Narigongrna was characterized by early-stage precipitation of molybdenite during potassic alteration and late-stage deposition of chalcopyrite during phyllic alteration. Deposition of both the Mo and Cu mineralization stages was caused by decreasing temperature. A high degree of crystallization of the P1 porphyry occurred prior to fluid saturation that produced Mo enrichment in the residual melt due to the incompatible behavior of Mo. However, compatible Cu was sequestered by the crystallizing phases and resulted in the generation of a high-Mo/Cu magmatic-hydrothermal fluid and the final Mo +/- Cu mineralization assemblage. Zircon epsilon(Hf)(t) values of +4.1 to +7.9 are indicative of magma derivation from a depleted source. These isotopic data, coupled with other geochemical characteristics of the Narigongma porphyry, such as high SiO2 and K2O contents, low MgO contents and compatible element abundances, and highly fractionated rare earth element patterns, indicate a mixing model for the origin of the porphyry bodies. Generation of the post-collisional ore-forming porphyries occurred in two stages: (1) partial melting of metasomatized phlogopite-bearing lithospheric mantle that generated potassic to ultra-potassic mafic melts, and (2) underplating of such melts beneath thickened juvenile lower crust, which triggered partial melting of the lower crust to produce the ore-forming, high-K adakitic magma. (C) 2013 International Association for Gondwana Research. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item ID: 36182
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1342-937X
Keywords: porphyry Cu deposits, post-collisional setting, high-K adakite, Narigongma, Tibet
Funders: National Basic Research Program of China (NBRP), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSF), Ministry of Land and Resources of China (MLRC), Innovation Method Fund of China (IMFC)
Projects and Grants: NBRP No. 2009CB421004, NBRP No. 2011CB403104, NNSF Grant No. 41273051, MLRC 201011011, IMFC 2010IM031100, IMFC GCP/SIDA-60
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 10:30
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