Winners and losers in marine conservation: fishers' displacement and livelihood benefits from marine reserves

Cinner, Joshua E., Daw, Tim, Huchery, Cindy, Thoya, Pascal, Wamukota, Andrew, Cedras, Maria, and Abunge, Caroline (2014) Winners and losers in marine conservation: fishers' displacement and livelihood benefits from marine reserves. Society and Natural Resources, 27 (9). pp. 994-1005.

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Abstract

Marine reserves can create both benefits and costs to fishers. This article explores the perceptions of fishers in Kenya and Seychelles about displacement, spillover, and overall impacts of local marine reserves on their livelihoods. We test whether these perceptions are different among fishers from different geographic and socioeconomic conditions. Sixty-six percent of fishers had been displaced from marine reserves or coastal development and 90% believed they had caught fishes that spilled over from marine reserves. Poorer fishers in Kenya were both displaced from, and also felt like they benefited from, marine reserves. This highlights how people's experiences with marine reserves, both positive and negative, are affected by a range of social considerations that may not be incorporated in typical evaluations of ecological and economic marine reserve success.

Item ID: 36175
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: coral reef, marine reserve, protected areas, small-scale fishery, social impacts, social-ecological system, socioeconomic
ISSN: 1521-0723
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA)
Projects and Grants: Marine Science for Management Programme
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 12:32
FoR Codes: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 70%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society @ 50%
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