Do you hear the same? Cardiorespiratory responses between mothers and infants during tonal and atonal music

Van Puyvelde, Martine, Loots, Gerrit, Vanfleteren, Pol, Meys, Joris, Simcock, David, and Pattyn, Nathalie (2014) Do you hear the same? Cardiorespiratory responses between mothers and infants during tonal and atonal music. PLoS ONE, 9 (9). e106920. pp. 1-13.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


This study examined the effects of tonal and atonal music on respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in 40 mothers and their 3-month-old infants. The tonal music fragment was composed using the structure of a harmonic series that corresponds with the pitch ratio characteristics of mother–infant vocal dialogues. The atonal fragment did not correspond with a tonal structure. Mother–infant ECG and respiration were registered along with simultaneous video recordings. RR-interval, respiration rate, and RSA were calculated. RSA was corrected for any confounding respiratory and motor activities. The results showed that the infants’ and the mothers' RSA-responses to the tonal and atonal music differed. The infants showed significantly higher RSA-levels during the tonal fragment than during the atonal fragment and baseline, suggesting increased vagal activity during tonal music. The mothers showed RSA-responses that were equal to their infants only when the infants were lying close to their bodies and when they heard the difference between the two fragments, preferring the tonal above the atonal fragment. The results are discussed with regard to music-related topics, psychophysiological integration and mother-infant vocal interaction processes.

Item ID: 36091
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1932-6203
Additional Information:

Copyright: © 2014 Van Puyvelde et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Funders: OZR-Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Royal Military Academy of Brussels
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2014 11:57
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 25%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology) @ 75%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920209 Mental Health Services @ 25%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 75%
Downloads: Total: 1140
Last 12 Months: 13
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page