Co-disposal of electronic waste with municipal solid waste in bioreactor landfills

Visvanthan, C., Yin, Nang Htay, and Karthikeyan, Obuli P. (2010) Co-disposal of electronic waste with municipal solid waste in bioreactor landfills. Waste Management, 30 (12). pp. 2608-2614.

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Abstract

Three pilot scale lysimeters were adopted to evaluate the stability pattern and leaching potential of heavy metals from MSW landfills under the E-waste co-disposed condition. One lysimeter served as control and solely filled with MSW, whereas the other two lysimeters were provided with 10% and 25% of E-waste scraps (% by weight), respectively. The reactors were monitored over a period of 280 days at ambient settings with continuous leachate recirculation. Stabilization pattern of carbon appears to be more than 50% in all the three lysimeters with irrespective of their operating conditions. Iron and zinc concentrations were high in leachate during bioreactor landfill operation and correlating with the TCLP leachability test results. In contrast, Pb concentration was around <0.6 mg/L, but which showed maximum leaching potential under TCLP test conditions. But, no heavy metal accumulation was found with leachate recirculation practices in lysimeters. Mobility of the metal content from the E-waste was found to be amplified with the long term disposal or stabilization within landfills. The results showed that the TCLP test cannot be completely reliable tool for measuring long-term leachability of toxic substances under landfill condition; rather landfill lysimeter studies are necessary to get the real scenario.

Item ID: 35919
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-2456
Funders: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2014 23:54
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8698 Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing > 869804 Management of Solid Waste from Manufacturing Activities @ 50%
86 MANUFACTURING > 8606 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products > 860699 Industrial Chemicals and Related Products not elsewhere classified @ 20%
86 MANUFACTURING > 8614 Machinery and Equipment > 861402 Appliances and Electrical Machinery and Equipment @ 30%
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