Development of a model for milk collection and processing in Zaria: financial implications

Malau-Aduli, A.E.O., Uzoukwu, E., Malau-Aduli, B.S., Adeyinka, I., Ehoche, O., and UNSPECIFIED (1999) Development of a model for milk collection and processing in Zaria: financial implications. In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production. pp. 384-386. From: 20th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production: enhancing the contribution of the livestock sub-sector to the Nigerian economy, 21-25 March 1999, Ilorin, Nigeria.

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Milk is highly perishable, thus necessitating its immediate consumption, mostly fresh, or processing into fermentable products such as yoghurt, butter or cheese which may have improved keeping quality and nutritive value. A small-scale milk processing model at the Dairy Research Programme, National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI), Ahmadu Bello University, Shika, Zaria in Northern Nigeria was initiated in June 1993 utilizing milk produced by the dairy herd. Milk collection from smallholder dairy farmers was incorporated into the milk processing scheme to boost the quantity of milk available. Since the commencement of the milk collection programme started, the sales and expenditure records had not been analysed to assess the financial implications of the model. Therefore this study was carried out to ascertain the effects of milk product, year and season of production on the profitability of milk collection and processing.It was evident that a total income of 1,259,867 Naira (1US$= 25Naira) was realised from the combined sales of yoghurt, cheese, butter and pasteurised milk with yoghurt accounting for most of the income (1,151,907 Naira) and cheese the least (1,460 Naira). When the cost of production was deducted from total income, an overall profit of 447,202 Naira was realised over the four year-period with the highest profit obtained during the wet rainy season (June-September) and least gross margin during the dry season (February-May). Yearly differences were also significant (P<0.01) with 1998 producing the most profit of 235, 872 Naira. It was concluded that overall, the NAPRI milk collection and processing model was a profitable and viable venture, and since consumer preference for yoghurt was over and above that of cheese, butter and pasteurised milk, a strengthening of yoghurt production capability was suggested. Finally, as the highest gains were recorded during the wet season, an expansion of the milk collection and storage facilities to handle the extra milk should be embarked upon.

Item ID: 35690
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
ISSN: 0331-2064
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2017 01:16
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070203 Animal Management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830302 Dairy Cattle @ 100%
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