Determination of neo- and D-chiro-inositol hexakisphosphate in soils by solution P-31 NMR spectroscopy

Turner, Benjamin L., Cheesman, Alexander W., Godage, H. Yasmin, Riley, Andrew M., and Potter, Barry V.L. (2012) Determination of neo- and D-chiro-inositol hexakisphosphate in soils by solution P-31 NMR spectroscopy. Environmental Science and Technology, 46 (9). pp. 4994-5002.

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Abstract

The inositol phosphates are an abundant but poorly understood group of organic phosphorus compounds found widely in the environment. Four stereoisomers of inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) occur, although for three of these (scyllo, flea, and D-chiro) the origins, dynamics, and biological function remain unknown, due in large part to analytical limitations in their measurement in environmental samples. We synthesized authentic neo- and n-chiro-IP6 and used them to identify signals from these compounds in three soils from the Falkland Islands. Both compounds resisted hypobromite oxidation and gave quantifiable P-31 NMR signals at delta = 6.67 ppm (equatorial phosphate groups of the 4-equatorial/2-axial conformer of neo-IP6) and delta = 6.48 ppm (equatorial phosphate groups of the 2-equatorial/4-axial conformer of D-chiro-IP6) in soil extracts. Inositol hexakisphosphate accounted for 46-54% of the soil organic phosphorus, of which the four stereoisomers constituted, on average, 55.9% (myo), 32.8% (scyllo), 6.1% (neo), and 5.2% (n-chiro). Reappraisal of the literature based on the new signal assignments revealed that neo- and D-chiro-IP6 occur widely in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. These results confirm that the inositol phosphates can constitute a considerable fraction of the organic phosphorus in soils and reveal the prevalence of neo- and D-chiro-IP6 in the environment. The hypobromite oxidation and solution P-31 NMR spectroscopy procedure allows the simultaneous quantification of all four IP6 stereoisomers in environmental samples and provides a platform for research into the origins and ecological significance of these enigmatic compounds.

Item ID: 35625
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1520-5851
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2014 15:54
FoR Codes: 03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0301 Analytical Chemistry > 030105 Instrumental Methods (excl Immunological and Bioassay Methods) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9614 Soils > 961499 Soils not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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