Impact of simulated changes in water table depth on ex situ decomposition of leaf litter from a neotropical peatland

Wright, E.L., Black, C.R., Cheesman, A.W., Turner, B.L., and Söjgersten, S. (2013) Impact of simulated changes in water table depth on ex situ decomposition of leaf litter from a neotropical peatland. Wetlands , 33 (2). pp. 217-226.

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Abstract

Although water table depth is commonly regarded as the primary determinant of litter decomposition rate in tropical peatlands, this has rarely been tested experimentally. This study explored the influence of flooding on decomposition of litter from three dominant plant species in a neotropical peatland. The non-flooded treatment reduced the mass remaining after 14 months from 84 to 81 % for Raphia taedigera, 65 to 58 % for Campnosperma panamensis, and 69 to 58 % for Cyperus sp. The proportions of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the labile, semi-labile and recalcitrant carbon pools, did not reliably predict differences among species in the mass loss rate of litter. Phosphorus was rapidly lost from litter, while carbon losses, including soluble carbon, were slower, but significant for all fractions. The non-flooded treatment substantially reduced the quantity of C remaining in the residue fraction of leaf litter after 12 weeks, with 31, 19 and 6 % less remaining in the non-flooded treatment for R. taedigera, C. panamensis and Cyperus sp. This suggests that lower water table depth on litter decay increase degradation of mainly aliphatic and aromatic carbon in the residual fraction. Thus, although lowering the water table increased decomposition, the chemical composition of litter clearly influences peat accumulation.

Item ID: 35619
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: litter decomposition, nutrient cycling, tropical peatland, vegetation communities
ISSN: 1943-6246
Funders: UK Biotechnology and Biological Science Research Council, University of Nottingham, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Projects and Grants: U.S. Department of Agriculture CSREES 2004-35107-14918
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2014 15:54
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0503 Soil Sciences > 050304 Soil Chemistry (excl Carbon Sequestration Science) @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050102 Ecosystem Function @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 100%
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