Sperm quality assessments for endangered razorback suckers Xyrauchen texanus

Jenkins, Jill A., Eilts, Bruce E., Guitreau, Amy M., Figiel, Chester R., Draugelis-Dale, Rassa O., and Tiersch, Terrence R. (2011) Sperm quality assessments for endangered razorback suckers Xyrauchen texanus. Reproduction, 141 (1). pp. 55-65.

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Abstract

Flow cytometry (FCM) and computer-assisted sperm motion analysis (CASA) methods were developed and validated for use with endangered razorback suckers Xyrauchen texanus collected (n=64) during the 2006 spawning season. Sperm motility could be activated within osmolality ranges noted during milt collections (here 167–343 mOsm/kg). We hypothesized that sperm quality of milt collected into isoosmotic (302 mOsm/kg) or hyperosmotic (500 mOsm/kg) Hanks' balanced salt solution would not differ. Pre-freeze viabilities were similar between osmolalities (79%±6 (s.e.m.) and 76%±7); however, post-thaw values were greater in hyperosmotic buffer (27%±3 and 12%±2; P=0.0065), as was mitochondrial membrane potential (33%±4 and 13%±2; P=0.0048). Visual estimates of pre-freeze motility correlated with total (r=0.7589; range 23–82%) and progressive motility (r=0.7449) by CASA and were associated with greater viability (r=0.5985; P<0.0001). Count (FCM) was negatively correlated with post-thaw viability (r=−0.83; P=0.0116) and mitochondrial function (r=−0.91; P=0.0016). By FCM-based assessments of DNA integrity, whereby increased fluorochrome binding indicated more fragmentation, higher levels were negatively correlated with count (r=−0.77; P<0.0001) and pre-freeze viabilities (r=−0.66; P=0.0004). Fragmentation was higher in isotonic buffer (P=0.0234). To increase reproductive capacity of natural populations, the strategy and protocols developed can serve as a template for use with other imperiled fish species, biomonitoring, and genome banking.

Item ID: 35589
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1741-7899
Funders: Louisiana Sea Grant College Program
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2014 15:52
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070405 Fish Physiology and Genetics @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830299 Fisheries- Wild Caught not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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