Determination of deployment specific chemical uptake rates for SDB-RPD Empore disk using a passive flow monitor (PFM)

O'Brien, Dominique, Bartkow, Michael, and Mueller, Jochen F. (2011) Determination of deployment specific chemical uptake rates for SDB-RPD Empore disk using a passive flow monitor (PFM). Chemosphere, 83 (9). pp. 1290-1295.

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Abstract

The use of the adsorbent styrenedivinylbenzene-reverse phase sulfonated (SDB-RPD) Empore disk in a chemcatcher type passive sampler is routinely applied in Australia when monitoring herbicides in aquatic environments. One key challenge in the use of passive samplers is mitigating the potentially confounding effects of varying flow conditions on chemical uptake by the passive sampler. Performance reference compounds (PRCs) may be applied to correct sampling rates (R(s)) for site specific changed in flow and temperature however evidence suggests the use of PRCs is unreliable when applied to adsorbent passive samplers. The use of the passive flow monitor (PFM) has been introduced for the assessment of site-specific changes in water flow. In the presented study we have demonstrated that the R, at which both atrazine and prometryn are accumulated within the SDB-RPD-Empore disk is dependent on the flow conditions. Further, the calibration of the measured R, for chemical uptake by the SDB-RPD-Empore disk to the mass lost from the PFM has shown that the PFM provides an accurate measure of R, for flow velocities from 0 to 16 cm s(-1). Notably, for flow rates > 16 cm s(-1), a non linear increase in the R(s) of both herbicides was observed which indicates that the key resistance to uptake into the SDB-RPD Empore disk is associated with the diffusion through the overlying diffusion limiting membrane. Overall the greatest uncertainty remains at very low flow conditions, which are unlikely to often occur in surface waters. Validation of the PFM use has also been undertaken in a limited field study.

Item ID: 35568
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-1298
Keywords: herbicide, passive sampling, SDB-Empore, chemcatcher
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), University of Queensland (UQ), Queensland Health Forensic and Scientific Services (QHFSS)
Projects and Grants: ARC DP0556205
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2014 15:49
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050206 Environmental Monitoring @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960506 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9611 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water > 961103 Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments (excl. Urban and @ 50%
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