Continental collision, orogenesis and arc magmatism of the Miocene Maramuni arc, Papua New Guinea

Holm, Robert J., Spandler, Carl, and Richards, Simon W. (2015) Continental collision, orogenesis and arc magmatism of the Miocene Maramuni arc, Papua New Guinea. Gondwana Research, 28 (3). pp. 1117-1136.

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Abstract

The Maramuni arc represents the only continuous record of the tectonic evolution of Papua New Guinea during the Miocene, and hence provides an opportunity to gain insight into subduction dynamics, orogenesis and crustal processes that operated throughout this dynamic period. We present an integrated U-Pb geochronology, Hf isotope and geochemical investigation of the Maramuni arc utilizing a suite of intrusive rocks from the Kainantu region of the eastern Papuan Highlands that span the Late Miocene from ca. 12 Ma to 6 Ma. The magmatic rocks formed from ca. 12–9 Ma have compositional affinities of subduction-zone magmas, but record increasing incompatible trace element contents and decreasing εHf with time, which we interpret to reflect a progressive increase in the crustal component of the magmas. Porphyry suites emplaced at 7.5-6 Ma are distinct from the older magmatic rocks by their marked HREE-depletion, which reflects a dramatic shift in arc-mantle dynamics. Based on these results we propose a revised geodynamic model for the tectonic evolution of Papua New Guinea involving arrival of the Australian continent at a north-dipping Pocklingon trough from ca. 12 Ma. Continent collision then led to growth of the New Guinea Orogen from 12 Ma aided by underthrusting of the leading continental margin, which contributed crustal material to magma-genesis at ca. 9 Ma. From ca. 7 Ma slab break-off and lithospheric delamination are reflected in a second phase of orogenesis that produced the HREE-depleted geochemical signatures of the contemporaneous magmatic rocks.

Item ID: 35551
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1342-937X
Keywords: Papua New Guinea; arc magmatism; continental collision; geochemisty; Hf isotopes
Funders: James Cook University (JCU)
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2014 03:38
FoR Codes: 04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040313 Tectonics @ 40%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology @ 40%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040303 Geochronology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%
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