Comparing trends in BMI and waist circumference

Walls, Helen L., Stevenson, Christopher E., Mannan, Haider R., Abdullah, Asnawi, Reid, Christopher M., McNeil, John J., and Peeters, Anna (2011) Comparing trends in BMI and waist circumference. Obesity, 19 (1). pp. 216-219.

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View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2010.149
 
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Abstract

The nature of excess body weight may be changing over time to one of greater central adiposity. The aim of this study is to determine whether BMI and waist circumference (WC) are increasing proportionately among population subgroups and the range of bodyweight, and to examine the public health implications of the findings. Our data are from two cross-sectional surveys (the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Studies (NHANES) in 1988–1994 (NHANES III) and 2005–2006), from which we have used samples of 15,349 and 4,176 participants aged ≥20 years. Between 1988–1994 and 2005–2006 BMI increased by an average of 1.8 kg/m2 and WC by 4.7 cm (adjusted for sex, age, race-ethnicity, and education). The increase in WC was more than could be attributed simply to increases in BMI. This independent increase in WC (of on average, 0.9 cm) was consistent across the different BMI categories, sexes, education levels, and race-ethnicity groups. It occurred in younger but not older age groups. Overall in each BMI category, the prevalence of low-risk WC decreased and the prevalence of increased-risk or substantially increased-risk WC increased. These results suggest that the adverse health consequences associated with obesity may be increasingly underestimated by trends in BMI alone. Since WC is closely linked to adverse cardiovascular outcomes, it is important to know the prevailing trends in both of these parameters.

Item ID: 35540
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1930-739X
Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), National Heart Foundation of Australia (NHF), AusAID, VicHealth
Projects and Grants: NHMRC grant 465130
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2014 01:06
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111706 Epidemiology @ 60%
14 ECONOMICS > 1403 Econometrics > 140305 Time-Series Analysis @ 40%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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