Child drowning prevention in the Philippines: the beginning of a conversation

Guevarra, Jonathan P., Franklin, Richard C., Basilio, Juanita A., Orbillo, Lita L., and Go, John Juliard L. (2015) Child drowning prevention in the Philippines: the beginning of a conversation. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 22 (3). pp. 243-253.

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This study describes a process to explore factors which contribute to child-drowning deaths and allows the development of appropriate strategies to prevent similar deaths in a selected site in the Northern Philippines. Data collection techniques used in obtaining baseline data include: review of drowning mortality records; key informant interviews; focus group discussions; and community walk-throughs. Risk factors identified which could or did contribute to drowning events were: proximity to bodies of water; inadequate child supervision; lack of information/awareness of prevention strategies; and lack of drowning prevention programme(s). Measures on how to prevent drowning deaths were explored and initial interventions were implemented through a committee convened by the community. These interventions include: community education sessions; capability building measures; redesigning of community wells; development of playpens; and use of barriers. Community engagement is a crucial element in the development and implementation of any health programme. This study demonstrates that by engaging and working with the community action occurs, however, there is a need to conduct further evaluation activities to determine if the actions by the community continued beyond the project and have resulted in a decrease in drowning. One of the strengths of the process described is that it is culturally appropriate and site-specific and allows the community to find the solutions itself. Exploration and delivery of further projects in larger areas is required to reduce drowning in the Philippines. An imperative is the evaluation which will provide valuable information on whether barriers are a sustainable and acceptable means of prevention to the community in the long term.

Item ID: 35498
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1745-7319
Keywords: drowning prevention; community engagement; drowning prevention strategies; Haddon's matrix; intervention
Funders: World Health Organisation (WHO)
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2014 04:04
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111712 Health Promotion @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920409 Injury Control @ 100%
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