Neurobiology of stress and cocaine addiction: studies on corticotropin-releasing factor in rats, monkeys, and humans

Sarnyai, Zoltán (1998) Neurobiology of stress and cocaine addiction: studies on corticotropin-releasing factor in rats, monkeys, and humans. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 851. pp. 371-387.

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Stress may contribute to the increased vulnerability to and the development of cocaine addiction. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis as well as behavioral and immune processes in response to different environmental and pharmacologic stressors. We hypothesized that CRF might mediate some of the effects of cocaine and as such it may be a link between stressful events and increased vulnerability to cocaine addiction. We demonstrated that blockade of endogenous CRF by a CRF antiserum or a receptor antagonist prevented the cocaine-induced corticosterone response in rats. In male rhesus monkeys and in humans, cocaine selectively increased the amplitude-related, CRF-dependent, elements of pulsatile ACTH release. Cocaine-induced locomotor hyperactivity was antagonized by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of a CRF antiserum and a CRF receptor antagonist in rats. In rhesus monkeys, strong correlations were found between behavioral hyperactivity and CRF-dependent elements of pulsatile activity of the HPA axis. Acute cocaine administration induced dose- and time-dependent alterations in hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic/limbic CRF concentrations in rats. Cocaine withdrawal elicited anxiety-like behavior and alterations of CRF concentration in the hypothalamus, amygdala, and basal forebrain. CRF antiserum (i.c.v.) antagonized anxiety-like behavior related to cocaine withdrawal. These data strongly suggest that the HPA axis, brain CRF in particular, may mediate some of the neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of cocaine. The potential involvement of CRF and HPA axis in cocaine-induced psychopathology is hypothesized.

Item ID: 35116
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1749-6632
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2014 05:06
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1109 Neurosciences > 110903 Central Nervous System @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920111 Nervous System and Disorders @ 100%
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